10 Interesting Facts You Didn’t Know About Malaysia’s Honorary Titles

Image Credit: News Terbaru

How much do you know about our Honorary Titles? You might have heard of Dato’ and Datuk but do you know what is the difference? What about Dato’ Sri and Dato’ Seri? All these can get very confusing but don’t worry as you will be fundamentally sound after this.


1) What is Tun? and How Many Tun Title Holders Can There Be?

While “Tun” is the highest civilian honour that can be granted to a deserving Malaysian by the Yang Di Pertuan Agong at Federal Level, there may not be more than 35 Malaysian living Tun holders at any one time.

For e.g. Tun Dr. Mahathir bin Mohamad. Image Credit: Inspirasi Remaja Kini
For e.g. Tun Dr. Mahathir bin Mohamad. Image Credit: Inspirasi Remaja Kini

 

2) How Many Recipients of Tun We Have Had?

39 recipients in total so far of which 27 are living Tuns and 12 are deceased as at Oct 2016. Check out the full list here.

For e.g. Tun Dr Ling Liong Sik, one of the very rare Chinese Tuns. Image Credit: News @ AsiaOne
For e.g. Tun Dr Ling Liong Sik, one of the very rare Chinese Tuns. Image Credit: News @ AsiaOne

 

3) How do you address the wife of Tun?

The title for the wife of a Tun is called Toh Puan.

On the very left. Toh Puan Zulaikha Sheardin, The Hon. Tun Musa Hitam's wife.
On the very left. Toh Puan Zulaikha Sheardin, The Hon. Tun Musa Hitam’s wife.

 

4) What is Tan Sri? and How Many Holders Can There Be for the “Tan Sri” Title?

Tan Sri is the second most senior title at Federal Level. There are 2 categories of Tan Sri differentiated by 2 Malaysian Federal Awards of different ranking, namely Panglima Mangku Negara (PMN rank 7th) and Panglime Setia Mahkota (PSM rank 8th). There may be at any time up to a maximum of 75 living PMN holders, and a maximum of 250 living PSM holders.

Tan Sri Vincent Tan. Self-made entrepreneur who runs conglomerate Berjaya Group. Image Credit: insurance
Tan Sri Vincent Tan. Self-made entrepreneur who runs conglomerate Berjaya Group. Image Credit: insurance

 

5) What is the Difference Between Dato’ Seri and Datuk Seri?

Dato’ Seri is the highest title awarded by a Sultan of one of the nine Malay States at State Level. It ranks below the federal title Tun and is an honour equivalent to federal title Tan Sri. The equivalent award from the Agong or Governors of other States that do not have Sultan would be Datuk Seri.

Hence, we have Dato’ Sri Najib Razak and Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim (before his title was revoked). Image Credit: Greenblacks
Hence, we have Dato’ Sri Najib Razak and Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim (before his title was revoked). Image Credit: Greenblacks

 

6) Then, Why Is There Dato’ Sri and Dato’ Seri?

A difference by an alphabet ‘E’. Dato’ Sri is only conferred by the Sultan of Pahang, while the other eight Rulers award Dato’ Seri.

His Royal Highness Sultan of Pahang, Sultan Ahmad Shah. Image Credit: Limkokwing University
His Royal Highness Sultan of Pahang, Sultan Ahmad Shah. Image Credit: Limkokwing University

 

7) Is There Any Quota For Dato’ Seri (or Datuk Seri or Dato’ Sri)?

Since Dato Seri is the most senior state title, there is a limited quota that can be awarded in each state. The Ruler only confers such an honorary title to a very few recipients during the Ruler’s royal birthday celebration every year. And there can only be up to a maximum of 40 living Dato’ Seri holders at any one time.

Dato' Seri Mohd Nazir bin Tun Abdul Razak, Chairman of CIMB Group. Image Credit: The Straits Times
Dato’ Seri Mohd Nazir bin Tun Abdul Razak, Chairman of CIMB Group. Image Credit: The Straits Times

 

8) What is the Difference Between Dato’ and Datuk?

Dato’ is a title awarded by a hereditary Royal Ruler or Sultan of one of the nine Malay States. For e.g. Dato’ Siti Nurhaliza. While Datuk is a title awarded by the Agong or the Governors of other states that do not have Sultan such as Penang. For e.g Datuk Lee Chong Wei

Dato’ Siti Nurhaliza. Image Credit: Males Nulis
Dato’ Siti Nurhaliza. Image Credit: Males Nulis
Datuk Lee Chong Wei. Image Credit: Kul News
Datuk Lee Chong Wei. Note: In 2016, Lee Chong Wei was awarded the title ‘Datuk Wira’ by the governor of Melacca. Image Credit: Kul News

 

9) But I Have Also Heard Of Other Types of Datuk

Some state grants awards which carry titles unique to that state, such as Datuk Wira of the state of Melaka, Dato’ Wira of Pahang, Datuk Amar and Datuk Patinggi of the state of Sarawak, Dato’ Paduka of Kedah/Negeri Sembilan. And they are equivalent to Dato’ or Datuk.

Datuk Wira (Dr.) Haji Ameer Ali bin Mydin. Image Credit: Platinum Media
Datuk Wira (Dr.) Haji Ameer Ali bin Mydin. Image Credit: Platinum Media

 

10) Can Foreigners Receive Any of the Above Titles?

Foreigners may be conferred in a supernumerary and honorary capacity and use the title locally. Foreigners can be awarded up to the title of Tun and shall not affect the quota of each category.

Hong Kong superstar Jackie Chan surprised many when he turned up to receive his Datukship from the King of Malaysia. Image Credit: Suara Merdeka
Hong Kong superstar Jackie Chan surprised many when he turned up to receive his Datukship from the King of Malaysia. Image Credit: Suara Merdeka

Since titles such as Dato’ Sri and Datuk Seri may cause confusion, Malaysia media and press may address Dato’ Sri title holders as Datuk Seri. And of course, the Datuk we mentioned in this article should not be confused with the Datuk in the below:

Image Credit: 澳微帮
Image Credit: 澳微帮